“Engineering is the art of directing the great sources of power in nature for the use and convenience of man.”
Engineering is the application of scientific knowledge in order to invent, design, build, maintain, research, and improve structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes. The discipline of engineering is extremely broad, and encompasses a range of specialized fields, each with a specific emphasis on particular areas of applied science and technology. Engineers need to creatively apply scientific knowledge to design or develop structures, machines, apparatus, or manufacturing processes that improve condition of life for us. Iconic engineers of yore such as Thomas Edison and Nicolas Tesla are responsible for much of the inventions we take for granted today. As an engineer, you can be involved with technology that brings power to rural areas or a software application that informs farmers about the weather conditions.
In recent years, engineering has become a popular career choice, chiefly because it is considered a ‘safe’ career path with high compensation packages and opportunities abroad. This had led to India producing engineers in large numbers although not all are employable at the end of 4 years. Consider this option not because it is a trend but only if both your competencies and interest lie in engineering.
1. Career Options
- Electronics Engineering
Electronics engineers use knowledge and understanding of the behavior and effects of electrons to design, develop and test components, devices, systems or equipment that use electricity as part of their source of power. These components include capacitors, diodes, resistors and transistors. As an electronics engineers your work would require you to work on a project through all its stages; from the initial brief for a concept, through the design and development stage, to the testing of one or more prototypes, to the final stages of manufacture and implementation of a new electronic product or system.
- Electrical Engineering
Electrical engineers design, develop and maintain electrical control systems and/or components to required specifications, focusing on economy, safety, reliability, quality and sustainability. The job description includes performing detailed calculations to compute and establish manufacturing, construction, and installation standards and specifications as well as design, implement, maintain, and improve electrical instruments, equipment, facilities, components, products, and systems for commercial, industrial, and domestic purposes.
- Telecom Engineering
Telecommunications engineers design and install equipment used for transmitting wired phone, cellular, cable and broadband data. They need to use their technical expertise to provide a range of services and engineering solutions revolving around different modes of communication and information transfer. Telecommunications engineers are involved across all aspects of service delivery, from carrying out feasibility exercises and determining connectivity to preparing detailed, technical and operational documentation. With the booming telecom industry in INDIA, there is widespread demand for quality telecom engineers who are employed by wireless telecommunications companies, engineering consulting firms or government agencies.
- Civil Engineering
Civil engineers create, improve and protect the environment in which we live. They plan, design and oversee construction and maintenance of building structures and facilities, such as roads, railways, airports, and bridges. Civil engineers are credited with the design and building of buildings that can last for hundreds of years and withstand all weather conditions. For every home, mall or office built, we require civil engineers to oversee construction and development of these projects.
A control and instrumentation engineer (C&I engineer) is responsible for designing, developing, installing, managing and/or maintaining equipment which is used to monitor and control engineering systems, machinery and processes. They make sure that engineering systems and processes operate effectively, efficiently and safely. They work for the companies who manufacture and supply the equipment or for the companies who use it, such as nuclear and renewable energy companies and environmental agencies.
- Computer Engineering
A computer engineer, also called a software engineer, is responsible for developing, testing and evaluating software that make our computers work. They may help in the development of new computer games, business applications or even in the design of entirely new operating systems. A computer engineer may also be responsible for constructing and managing an organization’s computer system and supplying technical support. Exciting new avenues such as online app development, responsive web design and e-commerce platforms are available career choices for a software engineer.
- Genetic Engineering
A genetic engineering career involves manipulation, modification of genes of plants, animals and other microorganisms. They play an important part in the preparation of strong antibiotics, and other pharmaceutical medicines, help in diagnosis and treating of hereditary diseases and thwart human infertility through genetic science. Apart from humans, genetic engineering researchers also help in regulating of animal breeds, medicines for animals, and diagnosing animal-borne diseases. As a genetic engineer you will work with drugs, fertilizers, chemicals and other similar products in a lab involving temperature, sterility and microbial limits testing.
- Acoustics Engineering
Acoustic engineers may consult with construction engineers and architects on the design and sound quality of facilities like performance spaces and recording studios. They may also ensure that buildings comply with local noise ordinances and standards, or work to minimize the noise caused by highway and air traffic. Some acoustic engineers work in audio engineering, designing sound systems. Others work in bio-engineering to develop medical devices, such as hearing aids.
- Chemical Engineering
A chemical engineer is involved in the design, development, construction and operation of industrial processes for the production of a diverse range of chemical products, as well as in commodity and specialty chemicals. Their job description includes development of safety procedures for those working with potentially dangerous chemicals; troubleshoot problems with manufacturing processes, evaluating equipment and processes to ensure compliance with safety and environmental regulations. Chemical engineers also conduct research to develop new and improved manufacturing processes, design and plan the layout of equipment and do tests and monitor performance of processes throughout production.
- Marine Engineering
Marine engineers design, maintain, and repair the mechanical systems that are used in aircraft carriers, sailboats, submarines, cargo ships, and other marine vessels. They are technical professionals involved with a vessel’s propulsion system, engine, pump and other pieces of technical equipment that make boats and other maritime vessels function effectively. You can choose to work on different kinds of ships, from ferries, cargo ships and hovercraft to cruise liners and military vessels, such as frigates, warships and submarines. Alternatively, you may become an expert marine design engineer, where you will spend the majority of your time designing complex machinery using computer-aided design (CAD) software.
- Aeronautical Engineer
Aeronautical engineers are concerned with the manufacture, development and maintenance of technology related to air crafts. Engineers use detailed technical knowledge to improve flight safety, reduce costs and increasingly address the environmental impact of air travel. These engineers apply scientific and mathematical concepts to solve commercial and practical problems. They may specialize in structural design, navigation, instrumentation or communications.
- Nuclear Engineering
Nuclear engineers design the equipment and create the operating procedures used in nuclear power plants. Many also operate the machinery that monitors nuclear power and find methods to safely handle and dispose of nuclear waste. They are engaged in scientific research, production and oversight of nuclear energy produced from radionuclides, which emanate from either background elements in the atmosphere or geological elements, such as uranium. Nuclear engineers have expertise in the safe handling and production of nuclear energy. In this job, you utilize advancing technologies and equipment in monitoring and testing radioactive levels of materials. For example, nuclear engineers assist in the operation of nuclear reactors at power plants, producing energy fuel. They participate in the waste disposal necessary to prevent public exposure to radiation and ecological damage. A growing number of nuclear engineers are engaged in scientific research for medical diagnostic and treatment techniques using radiation.
- Biomedical Engineering
Biomedical engineers apply engineering principles and materials technology to healthcare. This can include researching, designing and developing medical equipment or modifying equipment for clients with special needs in a rehabilitation setting, or managing the use of clinical equipment in hospitals. Biomedical engineers design systems and products such as artificial organs, artificial devices that replace body parts, and machines for diagnosing medical problems. They help install, adjust, maintain, repair, or provide technical support for biomedical equipment.
- Computer Hardware Engineering
Computer hardware engineers work with hardware components for computers as well as develop programs that control computer operation. Computer hardware engineers have similar duties as electronics engineers, but hardware engineers focus exclusively on computer technology. They evaluate existing computer systems and use complex problem-solving skills to improve models. They update systems by improving the components, layout and design of a computer for increased efficiency. This field of work involves designing blueprints of new computer equipment, and creating new hardware along with making innovative models of new hardware designs, and testing.
2. Academic Steps
Students who have completed grade 12 examination with subjects English, Physics, Mathematics are eligible for undergraduate degree in engineering.
Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is an all India common entrance examination that is conducted for admission in various engineering courses. The examination is conducted into two parts, JEE-Main and JEE-Advanced. JEE-Advanced is for admission in Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) while JEE-Main exam is for admission in IIITs (Indian Institutes of Information Technology), National Institutes of Technology, CFTIs (Central Funded Technical Institute). At the state level, CET examination is conducted for admission into various engineering collges in the state.
- Exam Pattern
JEE-Main Exam has two papers, Paper-1 and Paper-2.
Candidates may opt for either or both of them.
Both papers contain multiple-choice questions. Paper-1 is for admission in B.E./B.Tech (online and offline). It contains objective type questions with equal weightage to Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics
Paper-2 is for admission in B.Arch and B.Planning (offline only).It consists of questions to test drawing aptitude. JEE advanced paper consists of 3 parts. Part 1-physics, Part 2- chemistry, Part 3 – mathematics
- High Education
You can choose to specialize in a field of engineering by pursing MS or Mtech. The GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) entrance exam gives you access to an MTech. from national level colleges in India or state level CET for Mtech at state colleges. Alternatively you can apply for an MS from colleges abroad.
Any engineering course has lot of scope and offers good employment opportunities. There are a number of options in which one can specialize. India produces thousands of engineers each year, with many engineers choosing to work and/or study abroad. Most engineering colleges offer great placement opportunities too. Although these is high demand for quality engineers, unfortunately the availability of engineers who are job ready and have a passion for engineering is in short supply. This career path may lead you to a 5- figure salary and international travel and exposure. But to have a fulfilling career with growth as well as riches it is important that you have a flair for the engineering sciences and are ready to learn new technology and adapt to the high demands of this career.
In India engineers find work opportunities in both government and private sectors. A graduate engineer in India can earn starting salary of Rs. 15000 to Rs. 20000 a month, which increases with gain in experience and promotions. A computer engineer at major firms gets a salary of Rs. 28,000 to Rs. 30,000 a month. This can go up to Rs. 40,00. A line leader/assistant manager can earn anything from Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 80,000 a month, depending on their experience in the industry. A structural engineer gets a starting salary of about Rs 17,000 and can later go up to around Rs 50,000. A fresh civil engineer can expect between Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 40,000 per month depending on rank and seniority. After gaining experience, a civil engineer may receive a promotion to supervisor and can can earn Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 90,000 a month. The average starting monthly salary of electrical engineering graduates in India ranges between Rs. 15,000 – Rs.25,000 while those with more than five years of working experience can earn between Rs. 35,000 to Rs. 80,000 per month.
4. College Information
Given Below are some of the most reputed colleges in India
Note: This is not an exhaustive list.
- IIT Mumbai
- IIT Madras
- IIT Kharagpur
- IIT Delhi
- IIT Kanpur
- IIIT Hyderabad
- National Institute Of Technology Surathkal
- VIT Vellore
- PESIT Bangalore
Given Below are some organizations offering scholarships
5. International Focus
- California Institute of Technology (Caltech) USA
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)USA
- Princeton University
- Stanford University USA
- University of Cambridge
- University of Oxford UK
- ETH Zürich Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich
- Imperial College London UK
- University of Toronto Canada
- University of Texas at Austin USA
6. Top Companies
- Balfourbeatty UK
- Landpoint USA
- Karvakko Engineering USA
- Neya Systems USA
- Greener U USA
- Intelliair USA
- Laing O’Rourke UK
- Grafton IRELAND
- Dyson UK
- Eimco Elecon
- Windsor Machines Limited
- Kabra Extrusiontechnik
- Skyline Millars
- Gujarat Appolo
- GMM Pfaudler
- Zodiac ventures
- Sanghvi Movers Limited
- Kalindee Rail Nirman Engineers
- ION Exchange